Sun Allergy, The Causes, Symptoms and Prevention
Sunlight is perfect for health in the morning. That is why many people do exercise when the sun is still friendly. However, some people might feel uncomfortable with their skin due to sun allergy. This condition is not an illness but this condition can be, and it can lead to a severe situation. This allergy is described as the condition of skin with red rash followed by the itchy sensation that occurs on it after being exposed under the direct sunlight.
What is Sun Allergy and Is It Dangerous?
Not many people have allergy due to the sun, but the most common form is sun poisoning or known as Polymorphic light eruption in scientific term. It means, the conclusion is sun allergy can be so varied, and some people may have different conditions due to this allergy. Others can develop the various symptoms and signs if they are triggered by a specific factor such as skin exposure to certain plants like limes or medication. The mild condition of this allergy can be cleared up efficiently using the right treatment.
However, the more severe conditions can’t be treated using regular treatment, but the patients should see a doctor to get pills or steroid creams. Those who are exposed to the sun with an allergy should take proper preventive measures and protection. They also need to wear a sun-protective outfit. For some people, they choose not to go out in the morning or afternoon, but they become the “night person.”
The Symptoms and Signs of Sun Allergy
As mentioned before, the signs and also symptoms of this allergy caused by the sun can be varied from one person to another. Since the cause might be slightly different, the most common symptoms happened are:
- Hives or blisters
- Bleeding, crusting and scaling on the red spot
- Tiny bumps that will become raised patches
- Pain and itchy feeling
- Redness on skin
The symptoms usually occur after someone being exposed to the sun, and within minutes, the signs appear quickly. If this happens, don’t wait too long because the patient should see a doctor as soon as possible before the symptoms get worse. If the skin reaction is severe after being exposed to the sun, seeing the doctor is a must. However, any doctor can’t treat it better, so the right person to treat the skin condition is dermatologists because they are specialized in diagnosing and also treating any skin problem.
The Risk Factors to Sun Allergy
The cause of this allergy is varied because it doesn’t come from the direct sunlight. The condition can be caused by medical conditions, chemicals, and medications. Those causes can make skin more sensitive primarily to the sun. However, the source is difficult to find out since some people may have this allergy and others have no. The inherited traits may take action and give influence as well to the worse condition.
While the condition can be severe, the risk factors may include some considerations to the reaction of allergy, and those may include:
- Exposure to specific sources or substances
Some symptoms or skin allergy are triggered when the skin is directly exposed to any materials and after that, to the sun. The common elements which are responsible for this skin allergy are chemical ingredients found in the sunscreen products, disinfectants and also fragrances.
The hypersensitivity of the sun can happen to everyone, but this condition is easily detected in people who have lighter or whiter skin
Having other skin problems
Skin problem like dermatitis may increase the risk of having this sin exposure that will lead to allergy
- Under medications
Any medication can cause skin sunburn quicker such as ketoprofen sulfa-based drugs and also tetracycline antibiotics and any pain reliever.
- Blood relatives
Someone who has parents or siblings with an allergy to the sun may pass this condition to other members of the family.
Prevention to Protect The Skin from Sun Allergy
Prevention is needed to protect the skin from redness and rash after being exposed to the sun. Though someone doesn’t have an allergy, protection is a must due to the sensitivity. It is better to take action before getting a reaction from the sun such as:
- Avoid direct exposure to the sunlight
Many people will have this allergy during summer or spring because lots of sunshine shower them and the symptoms may occur within minutes. It will gradually appear more when they spend much time outdoors, so the skin cells need to adapt the sunlight
- Apply sunscreen more
Apply broad-spectrum sunscreen or sunblock with SPF 30 at least, or more is good. Apply in generous amount throughout the body. The use of sunscreen must be repeated in every 2 hours especially for those who sweat more.
- Wear protective clothing, hat, and sunglasses
Those who have sun exposure problem will wear shirts with long sleeves and also a wide hat to protect the head from direct sunlight. It will protect the skin well from sun exposure.
Prevention to sun allergy is necessary because removing the scars from the symptoms are so hard and it is better to protect the skin from the sun at the peak hours from 10 a.m to 4 p.m.
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